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Ancient Greece: Topic Page
Ancient civilization that flourished 2,500 years ago on the shores of the Ionian and Aegean Seas (modern Greece and the west coast of Turkey).
Delian League: Topic Page
Confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens.
Eleusinian mysteries: Topic Page
Ceremonies in honour of the Greek deities Demeter, goddess of corn, and her daughter Persephone, queen of the underworld, celebrated in the precincts of the temple of Demeter at Eleusis, in the territory of Athens.
Greek architecture: Topic Page
The art of building that arose on the shores of the Aegean Sea and flourished in the ancient world.
Greek art: Topic Page
Works of art produced in the Aegean basin, a center of artistic activity from very early times.
Olympic games: Topic Page
Held in honor of Zeus in the city of Olympia for four days every fourth summer, the Olympic games were the oldest and most prestigious of four great ancient Greek athletic festivals.
Tragedy: Topic Page
The earliest tragedies were part of the Attic religious festivals held in honor of the god Dionysus (5th cent. B.C.).
Acropolis: Topic Page
The Acropolis of Athens was a ceremonial site beginning in the Neolithic Period. The area was adorned during the time of Cimon and Pericles with some of the world's greatest architectural and sculptural monuments.
Athens: Topic Page
The site was first inhabited about 3000 BC with Athens (named after its patron goddess Athena) as the capital of a united Attica before 700 B.C.
Delphi: Topic Page
It was the seat of the Delphic oracle, the most famous and most powerful of ancient Greece.
Macedon: Topic Page
Ancient country, roughly equivalent to the modern region of Macedonia. In the history of Greek culture Macedon had its single significance in producing the conquerors and armies who created the Hellenistic empires and civilizations.
Sparta: Topic Page
City of ancient Greece, capital of Laconia, on the Eurotas (Evrótas) River in the Peloponnesus.
The Parthenon: Topic Page
Temple sacred to Athena, on the acropolis at Athens. Built under Pericles between 447 B.C. and 432 B.C., it is the culminating masterpiece of Greek architecture.
Philosophies and Systems
Democracy: Topic Page
Term originating in ancient Greece to designate a government where the people share in directing the activities of the state, as distinct from governments controlled by a single class, select group, or autocrat.
Skepticism: Topic Page
[Gr.,=to reflect], philosophic position holding that the possibility of knowledge is limited either because of the limitations of the mind or because of the inaccessibility of its object.
Stoicism: Topic Page
School of philosophy which taught that only by putting aside passion, unjust thoughts, and indulgence and by performing duty with the right disposition can people attain true freedom and rule as lords over their own lives.
Ancient Rome: Topic Page
Ancient Rome was a civilization based on the city of Rome. It lasted for about 800 years.
Latin: Topic Page
Member of the Italic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. Latin was first encountered in ancient times as the language of Latium, the region of central Italy in which Rome is located.
Roman architecture: Topic Page
the architecture of the ancient Romans, characterised by rational design and planning, the use of vaulting and concrete masonry, and the use of the classical orders only sporadically for purposes of architectural articulation and decoration.
Roman law: Topic Page
The legal system of Rome from the supposed founding of the city in 753 B.C. to the fall of the Byzantine Empire in A.D. 1453; it was later adopted as the basis of modern civil law.
Pantheon (Rome, Italy): Topic Page
Constructed during the reign of the emperor Hadrian between 118 and 125 ce in the Campus Martius district of ancient Rome, the imposing Pantheon still dominates its surroundings today.
Colosseum: Topic Page
Also known as the Flavian amphitheatre, the Colosseum in Rome was the largest of the ancient amphitheatres.
Pompeii: Topic Page
Ancient city of S Italy, a port near Naples and at the foot of Mt. Vesuvius.
Sardinia: Topic Page
Rome took possession of the island in 238 BC and formed it into a province. Sardinia was one of the chief sources of the Roman Empire's corn supply; it also produced silver and salt.
Sicily: Topic Page
The largest Mediterranean island and an autonomous region of Italy, divided from the Italian mainland by the Strait of Messina; area 25,708 sq km/9,926 sq mi; population (2001 est) 4,866,200.
Vesuvius: Topic Page
The earliest recorded eruption (A.D. 79) was described by Pliny the Younger in two letters to Tacitus; the eruption buried Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae under cinders, ashes, and mud.
Peloponnesian War: Topic Page
War fought 431-404 BC between Athens and Sparta and their respective allies, involving most of the Greek world from Asia Minor to Sicily and from Byzantium (present-day Istanbul, Turkey) to Crete.
Trojan War: Topic Page
The mythical Trojan War probably reflected a real war (c.1200 B.C.) between the invading Greeks and the people of Troas, possibly over control of trade through the Dardanelles.
Who's Who in Classical Mythology, Routledge
Contains extensive entries, including detailed entries on all the major gods and heroes, from Athena and Zeus to Achilles, Odysseus and Tarquin and biographical listings of all the key authors, such as Homer.
Encyclopedia of Classical Philosophy
The only encyclopedia in English specific to the field of Classical Philosophy, this work presents 270 articles on major and minor figures and on topics of importance to the philosophy of Greek and Roman antiquity.